Computational Model, also known as simulation, is an abstract or conceptual model designed to describe and explain a system or process, often using mathematical equations and network architecture. It is a technique used to study a system’s performance and behavior in a simplified form and to examine the implications of changes to the system. Computational models are used to explore the impact of changes to the variables within the system to analyze and identify problems, as well as to predict their effects.
Computational models have become increasingly popular and important in many areas, such as computer science, economics, operations research, robotics, and artificial intelligence. That is because they allow for more precise analysis and understanding of complex phenomena and allow for quicker development of solutions to practical problems. A computational model is composed of two main components: algorithms and data structures. Together, these components support the data processing and analysis that such modeling requires. Algorithms provide instructions for the machine and data structures serve as containers for the data used by the model.
In addition, computational models can be used in visualization, which allows researchers and practitioners to see results and better understand how the system works. Visualization tools allow for more engagement with the model, enabling users to interact with and explore the system.
The ability to create a computational model has been greatly enhanced with advances in computing technology and software engineering tools. With excellent tools for defining a model’s data structure, coding and debugging algorithms, and rendering the results, the development of accurate and efficient computational models is becoming increasingly achievable.
Given its importance, computational models are used in many different fields. In the medical field, models are used to assess human health and predict outcomes of different treatments. In machine learning applications, computational models are used to provide predictions or recommendations. Other applications include logistics, energy, portfolio investments, weather forecasting, traffic flow, and defense systems.
Computational models enable researchers and practitioners to explore a system’s behavior and make better decisions, leading to the development of innovative products and services.