Computational neuroscience is a discipline of neuroscience which involves the application of mathematical modelling and computer simulation techniques in the study of the nervous system and behaviour. It combines concepts and methods from mathematics, engineering, and computer science with those from neuroscience to study how nerve cells communicate, how information is represented and processed in the brain, and how cognitive functions and behaviours are produced. The primary goal of computational neuroscience is to understand the principles of brain function, from the molecular and cellular levels up to behavior, and how they are organized in networks and circuits.
Computer simulations are used to investigate how networks of neurons interact with each other to produce behavior. These simulations permit the exploration of hypotheses about brain function that cannot be tested using experimental techniques. Complex neural networks can be simulated with greater accuracy and in more detail than biochemical and genetic models. Moreover, new technologies such as artificial intelligence and virtual reality provide a better understanding of the emergence of complex behaviors from neuronal dynamics.
The field of computational neuroscience has greatly advanced the knowledge and understanding of the brain and its behaviors. Researchers are increasingly able to use computer models and simulations to study and model neural networks, cellular processes, and patterns of activity. Computational modeling is also used to analyze the interactions between neurons and to better understand how they enable learning and decision-making.
In addition, computational neuroscience has created new opportunities for treatment and prevention of neurological diseases. By developing computer models of neurological disorders, researchers can make predictions about the effects of different therapies before testing these therapies on patients. Furthermore, these models can be used to explore the effects of drugs or other treatments on the brain and their potential for improving symptoms or slowing disease progression. Computational neuroscience may also help design new technologies such as neural prostheses and devices to diagnose neurological disorders.
Overall, computational neuroscience is an interdisciplinary field of study that seeks to understand the functioning of the brain and its behaviors through computer simulation and mathematical modelling techniques. Through advances in computational modeling, researchers are able to better understand and develop treatments for neurological disorders.