Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is a type of markup language used to develop and design webpages and web applications. HTML is the foundation of web development, allowing for the structuring and presenting of content on the Web. HTML is written using the markup syntax and consists of text or symbols surrounded by angle brackets.
HTML was created in 1990 by Tim Berners-Lee while working at CERN and first appeared in 1991. A simplified version of HTML was developed by the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) in 1995 and published as an official specification. HTML was designed to allow web developers to structure the content on their websites, allowing for more specialized designs than those created with standard text formatting.
HTML includes a range of elements, known as attributes, which provide a way to insert or customize content on the page. Attributes are added to the usual HTML tags and are used to define an element’s properties, such as size, color, and alignment. Attributes are often used to apply page elements to specific areas of the page, such as text or images.
HTML is composed of a tree-like structure of elements and attributes, or HTML tags. HTML tags are the building blocks of the web pages and are used to define the structure and content of the document. The tree-like structure of the HTML document defines how individual elements, such as images and text, are arranged within the page.
HTML is used by web browsers to render content and create interactive web pages. HTML is interpreted by a web browser into a visual representation of the web page. Modern web browsers provide support for HTML version 5.
HTML is the foundation for the majority of websites and web applications and is used by web developers to create and design webpages and web applications. HTML is the primary means of structuring and displaying content on the Web.