Transport Layer Security (TLS) is a network protocol used to provide secure communication between two computers over the Internet or other networks. It is the most widely used protocol for encrypted web communication, and is typically used in conjunction with other security measures, such as Secure Sockets Layer (SSL).
TLS relies on the use of public-key cryptography and is a standardized form of the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocol. It provides authentication, integrity, and encryption of messages, as well as negotiation of security parameters used for secure communication. TLS is supported by almost all web browsers and web servers, and is the de facto standard for secure communication on the Internet. TLS protocols are composed of two layers – the TLS record protocol and the TLS handshake protocol. The record protocol provides authentication, integrity, and encryption of data while the handshake protocol is used for establishing a secure communication session.
TLS is designed to protect data in transit from a man-in-the-middle attack and can also be used to detect attempts to tamper with the data. It is an important security tool for web services and is typically used in conjunction with other security measures, such as passwords and data encryption. TLS is essential for secure communication and is used by millions of people worldwide to communicate and transfer data over the Internet.