Version control, also known as source control or revision control, is an essential tool in computer programming. It is a system that is used to track changes in computer code, documents, and other computer files to ensure that developers are working on the most current versions of files they need to produce quality software applications.
Version control works by automatically creating backups of computer files whenever they are changed, so developers can go back in time and review how the file content and coders have changed over time. This helps to protect against unexpected problems or bugs due to incorrect code or other errors.
Version control systems are essential for collaborative efforts in computer programming. By utilizing a version control system, multiple developers can work on the same project concurrently without running into conflicts or duplication of work. Additionally, version control systems are designed to merge changes from multiple developers. This behavior is helpful when one programmer builds off of the work of another programmer and needs to integrate their changes into a single, unified product.
The most popular version control system is known as git. Git is an open-source system that allows developers to host their work in an unlimited number of repositories, making it simple for even the largest projects to maintain version control.
In addition to providing a history of changes to computer files, version control systems also store other information about each commit. This can include notes, comments, and other information that can be used to review each change that was made, making it easier to follow the progression of changes and find potential points of failure.
Overall, version control systems are a critical tool for computer programming. They allow multiple developers to work on a single project comfortably, ensure that the current version of a product is up-to-date, and provide transparency for changes so that the entire development team can stay on the same page.