Voice Over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is an umbrella term for a suite of technologies used to deliver voice and other forms of communication services over the internet. It is a type of broadband telephony technology that converts an analog voice signal into a digital format so that it can be transmitted over the internet or other digital networks.
VoIP technology uses the public switched telephone network (PSTN) or the Internet to connect two locations via an internet address using a virtual phone number or username. VoIP allows two-way communication, allowing users to talk to each other without the use of traditional telephone lines. The quality of VoIP voice services is dependent on the speed of the internet connection used, with faster connections providing better quality calls.
VoIP technology can be employed for telephony and conferencing services such as call waiting, call forwarding, voicemail, and conference calling, as well as video calling and instant messaging. It also enables users to use existing hardware such as computer microphones and speakers, USB or Bluetooth headsets, or telephone handsets to make or receive telephone calls.
VoIP technology can be used to provide a variety of services, such as dedicated, multi-line, or traditional phone services. The cost of VoIP services is often lower than traditional telephone services, and the technology is now used by a wide range of industries, including businesses, schools, and government agencies.
VoIP technology is an important advancement in the telecommunications industry, and it provides a more cost-effective and efficient alternative to traditional voice telephone services. It has enabled businesses to reduce their telecommunications costs significantly while continuing to take advantage of advanced communication features. VoIP technology is also a popular choice among home users due to its portability and ease of use.